Endocarps of Parinari (Chrysobalanaceae) from the Neogene of Northeastern Thailand
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Northeastern Research Institute of Petrified Wood and Mineral Resources, Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand
Geoinformatic Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand
Online publication date: 2022-06-28
Publication date: 2022-06-28
Acta Palaeobotanica 2022; 62(1): 24-35
  • Two new species of Parinari (Chrysobalanaceae) proposed from the late Miocene of Thailand
  • The first record of fossil fruits of Parinari and Chrysobalanaceae from Asia
  • The results show that Parinari was already pantropical by the Miocene.
  • Fruits of Parinari can be more accurately identified to genus than other organs
Five fossil endocarps were collected from late Miocene fluvial deposits in a commercial sandpit in Northeastern Thailand. The endocarps were studied with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and compared with recent and fossil endocarps. We conclude that the endocarps are Parinari (Chrysobalanaceae) and propose two new species, P. hilliana and P. khoratensis. These provide the first record of Parinari fruits from Asia and the Pacific region and indicate that the genus was already pantropical by the Miocene with previous reports of Miocene Parinari endocarps from Africa (Ethiopia) and the Neotropics (Panama).
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