Plant remains from the Middle–Late Jurassic Daohugou site of the Yanliao Biota in Inner Mongolia, China
More details
Hide details
LWL-Museum of Natural History, Westphalian State Museum and Planetarium, Sentruper Straße 285, DE-48161 Münster, Germany
Palaeobiology Department, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden
School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, 163 Xianlin Avenue, Qixia District, Nanjing 210046, China
Online publication date: 2017-12-19
Publication date: 2017-12-19
Acta Palaeobotanica 2017; 57(2): 185-222
A late Middle–early Late Jurassic fossil plant assemblage recently excavated from two Callovian– Oxfordian sites in the vicinity of the Daohugou fossil locality in eastern Inner Mongolia, China, was analysed in detail. The Daohugou fossil assemblage is part of the Callovian–Kimmeridgian Yanliao Biota of north-eastern China. Most major plant groups thriving at that time could be recognized. These include ferns, caytonialeans, bennettites, ginkgophytes, czekanowskialeans and conifers. All fossils were identified and compared with species from adjacent coeval floras. Considering additional material from three collections housed at major palaeontological institutions in Beijing, Nanjing and Pingyi, and a recent account in a comprehensive book on the Daohugou Biota, the diversity of the assemblage is completed by algae, mosses, lycophytes, sphenophytes and putative cycads. The assemblage is dominated by tall-growing gymnosperms such as ginkgophytes, czekanowskialeans and bennettites, while seed ferns, ferns and other water- or moisture-bound groups such as algae, mosses, sphenophytes and lycophytes are represented by only very few fragmentary remains. The floral composition underlines the Callovian–Kimmeridgian age of the Yanliao Biota. The Daohugou/Yanliao flora is a typical member of the Middle to Late Jurassic Coniopteris-Phoenicopsis assemblage of north-eastern China, differing from the Early Cretaceous Jehol flora. Both floras probably belong to the same cycle of volcanism and sedimentation, although the Daohugou Bed is older than the Yixian Formation. The Yanliao fossil assemblage is placed in a larger palaeo-phytogeographical context and its relationships with Middle–Late Jurassic floras from north-eastern China, north-eastern and eastern Siberia and Japan are evaluated.
Benton M.J., Zhou Z., Orr P.J., Zhang F. & Kearns S.L. 2008. The remarkable fossils from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota of China and how they have changed our knowledge of Mesozoic life. Proc. Geologist. Assoc., 119: 209–228.
Bi S., Wang Y., Guan J., Sheng X. & Meng J. 2014. Three new Jurassic euharamiyidan species reinforce early divergence of mammals. Nature, 514: 579–584.
Bird P. 2003. An updated digital model of plate boundaries. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst 4.3 SCOPUS-Web; accessed 25 November 2016.
Chang M., Chen P., Wang Y., Wang Y. & Miao D. 2003. The Jehol Biota. The emergence of feathered dinosaurs, beaked birds and flowering plants. Scientific & Technical Publishers, Shanghai, China.
Chang S., Zhang H., Renne P.R. & Fang Y. 2009. High-precision 40Ar/39Ar age constraints on the basal Lanqi Formation and its implications for the origin of angiosperm plants. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 279: 212–221.
Chen W., Ji Q., Liu D., Zhang Y., Song B. & Liu X. 2004. Isotope geochronology of the fossil-bearing beds in the Daohugou area, Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia. Geol. Bull. China, 23: 1165–1169.
Cohen K.M., Finney S.C., Gibbard P.L. & Fan J. 2013; updated. The ICS International Stratigraphic Chart. Episodes, 36: 199–204.
Delle G.V. 1967. The Middle Jurassic flora of the Tkvarchelian Coal Basin (Transcaucasia). Nauka, Leningrad.
Deng S., Hilton J., Glasspool I.J. & Dejax J. 2014. Pollen cones and associated leaves from the Lower Cretaceous of China and a re-evaluation of Mesozoic male cycad cones. J. Syst. Palaeontol., 12: 1001–1023.
Dobruskina I.A. 1965. Revision of the Jurassic flora described by O. Heer from the River Amur. Palaeontol. J., 3: 110–118.
Doludenko M.P. & Lebedev E.L. 1972. Ginkgoites sibirica and “G. huttonii” of Eastern Siberia. Trans. Geol. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR., 230: 82–101.
Doludenko M.P. & Orlovskaya E.R. 1976. The Jurassic flora of the Karatau. Transactions 284, Nauka, Moscow.
Doludenko M.P. & Svanidze T.I. 1969. The Late Jurassic flora of Georgia. Trudi GIN AN SSSR 178, Nauka, Moscow.
Dong C., Yang X. & Zhou Z. 2017. The plants: 252–302. In: Huang D. (ed.), The Daohugou Biota. Shanghai Science and Technology Publishing House, Shanghai.
DOWELD A.B. 2001. Schizolepidopsis, a new substitute generic name for Mesozoic plants. Byulleten’ Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytateley Prirody. Otdel Geologicheskiy, 76: 86–88.
Duan S. 1987. The Jurassic flora of Zhaitang, Western Hills of Beijing. PhD thesis, Palaeobotany Department, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
Farjon A. 2010. A Handbook of the World’s Conifers. Brill, Leiden.
Florin R. 1936. Die fossilen Ginkgophyten aus Franz-Joseph-Land nebst Erörterungen über vermeintliche Cordaitales mesozoischen Alters. I. Spezieller Teil. Palaeontographica, B, 81: 71–173.
Friis E.M., Crane P.R. & Pedersen K.R. 2011. Early Flowers and Angiosperm Evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Gao K. & Ren D. 2006. Radiometric dating of ignimbrite from Inner Mongolia provides no indication of a post-Middle Jurassic age for the Daohugou Beds. Acta Geol. Sinica, 80: 42–45.
Gao T., Ren D. & Shih C. 2009. Abrotoxyela gen. nov. (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Xyelidae) from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia, China. Zootaxa, 2094: 52–59.
GUO Z., YANG Y., ZYABREV S. & HOU Z. 2017. Tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Mohe-Upper Amur Basin reflects the final closure of the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean in the latest Jurassic–earliest Cretaceous. J. Asian Earth Sci. DOI: 10.1016/j.­jseaes.2017.06.020.
Han G., Liu Z., Liu X., Mao L., Jacques F.M.B. & Wang X. 2016. A whole plant herbaceous angiosperm from the Middle Jurassic of China. Acta Geol. Sinica (English Edition), 90: 19–29.
Harris T.M. 1961. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora. I. Thallophyta–Pteridophyta. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.
Harris T.M. 1964. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora. II. Caytoniales, Cycadales & Pteridosperms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.
Harris T.M. 1969. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora. III. Bennettitales. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.
Harris T.M. 1979. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora. V. Coniferales. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.
Harris T.M., Millington W. & Miller J. 1974. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora. IV. Ginkgoales & Czekanowskiales. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.
He H., Wang X., Zhou Z., Zhu R., Jin F., Wang F., Ding X. & Boven A. 2004. 40Ar/39Ar dating of ignimbrite from Inner Mongolia, north-eastern China, indicates a post-Middle Jurassic age for the overlying Daohugou Bed. Geophys. Res. Letters, 31: L20609.
He Y. & Wu X. 1986. Middle Jurassic Aalenian flora of China. Acta Palaeontol. Sinica, 25: 591–601.
Heer O. 1876a. Beiträge zur Jura-Flora Ostsibiriens und des Amurlandes. Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pétersbourg, 22: 1–122.
Heer O. 1876b. Beiträge zur fossilen Flora Spitzbergens. Kongl. Sv. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 14: 1–141.
Heer O. 1878. Beiträge zur fossilen Flora Sibiriens und des Amurlandes. Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pétersbourg, 25: 1–58.
Heer O. 1880. Nachträge zur Juraflora Sibiriens. Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pétersbourg, 27: 1–34.
Heinrichs J., Wang X., Ignatov M.S. & Krings M. 2014. A Jurassic moss from northeast China with preserved sporophytes. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 204: 50–55.
Herendeen P.S., Friis E.M, Pedersen K.R. & Crane P.R. 2017. Palaeobotanical redux: Revisiting the age of the angiosperms. Nature Plants, 3: 17015.
HUANG D. 2015. Yanliao Biota and Yanshan Movement. Acta Palaeont. Sinica, 54: 501–546.
HUANG D. 2017. The Daohugou Biota. Shanghai Science and Technology Publishing House, Shanghai.
Huang D., Nel A., Shen Y., Selden P.A. & Lin Q. 2006. Discussions on the age of the Daohugou fauna – evidence from invertebrates. Progr. Nat. Sci., 16: 309–312.
Jiang B. 2006. Non-marine Ferganoconcha (Bivalvia) from the Middle Jurassic in the Daohugou area, Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Palaeontol. Sinica, 45: 259–264.
Jiang B., Yao X., Niu Y., Rao X. & Li Q. 2010. Outline of the Jurassic and Cretaceous systems in western Liaoning, NE China. University of Science & Technology of China Press, Hefei.
Kawamura H. 2010. Stratigraphic revision of the Jurassic Toyora Group of the southern part of the Tabe Basin, Yamaguchi Prefecture, southwest Japan. Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan, 116: 27–44.
Kimura T. 1958. On the Tetori flora (Part 1). Mesozoic plants from the Kuzuryu Sub-Group, Tetori Group, Japan. Bull. Senior High School Tokyo Univ. Educ., 2: 1–47.
Kimura T. 1988. Jurassic macrofloras in Japan and palaeophytogeography in East Asia. Bull. Tokyo Gakugei Univ. Sect. IV, 40: 147–164.
Kimura T. & Ohana T. 1988. Late Jurassic plants from the Tochikubo Formation (Oxfordian), Somanakamura Group, in the Outer Zone of northeast Japan. II. Bull. National Sci. Mus., Ser. C, 14: 151–185.
Kimura T., Lebedev E.L., Markovich E.M. & Samylina V.A. 1992. Macrofloras of eastern Asia and other circum-Pacific areas: 311–316. In: Westermann G.E.G. (ed.), The Jurassic of the circum-Pacific. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Kimura T., Ohana T., Zhao L.M. & Geng B.Y. 1994. Pankuangia haifanggouensis gen. et sp. nov., a fossil plant with unknown affinity from the Middle Jurassic Haifanggou Formation, western Liaoning, northeast China. Bull. Kilakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist., 13: 255–261.
Kimura T., Ohana T., Takimoto H., Ikehara K., Aiba H. & Furuoya H. 1988. Late Jurassic plants in the Outer Zone of northeast Japan. Proc. Japan Acad., Ser. B, 64: 217–220.
Kostina E.I. & Herman A.B. 2013. The Middle Jurassic flora of South Mongolia: Composition, age and phytogeographic position. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 193: 82–98.
Krassilov V.A., 1968. A new group of Mesozoic gymnosperms: Czekanowskiales. Dokl. Acad. Nauk. SSSR, 168: 942–945.
Krassilov V.A. 1970. Approach to the classification of Mesozoic “ginkgoalean” plants from Siberia. Palaeobotanist, 18: 12–19.
Krassilov V.A. 1972. Mesozoic Flora of the Bureya River (Ginkgoales and Czekanowskiales). Nauka, Moscow.
Krassilov V.A. 1973a. Materials on the stratigraphy and taphofloras of the coal-bearing strata of the Bureya Basin: 28–51. In: Krassilov V. (ed.), Fossil Floras and Phytostratigraphy of the Far East. Akademia NAUK SSSR, Vladivostok.
Krassilov V.A. 1973b. The Jurassic disseminules with pappus and their bearing on the problem of angiosperm ancestry. Geophytol., 3: 1–48.
Krassilov V.A. 1982. Early Cretaceous flora of Mongolia. Palaeontographica, B, 181: 1–43.
Krassilov V.A. 1997. Angiosperm Origins: Morphological and Ecological Aspects. Pensoft, Sofia.
Lebedev E.L. 1963. Upper Jurassic flora of the Zeya River and its significance to the boundary of the Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous continental deposits in the Amur River Basin. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 150: 149–152.
Lebedev E.L. 1965. Late Jurassic flora of Zeya River and the Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary. Nauka, Moscow.
Li B. & Hu B. 1984. Fossil plants from the Yongdingzhuang Formation of the Datong Coalfield, northern Shanxi. Acta Palaeontol. Sinica, 23: 135–147.
Li N., Li Y., Wang L., Zheng S. & Zhang W. 2004. A new Weltrichia Braun in north China with a special bennettitalean male reproductive organ. Acta Bot. Sinica, 46: 1269–1275.
Lindley J. & Hutton W. 1831–1833. The Fossil flora of Great Britain, or Figures and Descriptions of the Vegetable Remains Found in a Fossil State in the Country. Volume I. J. Ridgway and Sons, London.
Liu Y., Liu Y. & Zhang H. 2006b. LA-ICPMS Zircon U-Pb Dating in the Jurassic Daohugou beds and correlative strata in Ningcheng of Inner Mongolia. Acta Geol. Sinica, 80: 733–742.
Liu Y., Liu Y., Ji S. & Yang Z. 2006a. U–Pb zircon age for the Daohugou Biota at Ningcheng of Inner Mongolia and comments on related issues. Chin. Sci. Bull., 51: 2634–2644.
Liu Y., Kuang H., Jiang X., Peng N., Xu H. & Sun H. 2012. Timing of the earliest known feathered dinosaurs and transitional pterosaurs older than the Jehol Biota. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 323–325: 1–12.
LIU Y., LIU Y., LI P., ZHANG H., ZHANG L., LI Y. & XIA H. 2004. Daohugou biota-bearing lithostratigraphic succession on the southeastern margin of the Ningcheng Basin, Inner Mongolia. Geol. Bull. China, 23: 1181–1187.
Liu Z. & Wang X. 2015. A perfect flower from the Jurassic of China. Hist. Biol., 27: 707–719.
Liu Z. & Wang X. 2017. Yuhania: a unique angiosperm from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia, China. Hist. Biol., 4: 431–441.
Markevich V.S. & Bugdaeva E.V. 2009. Palynological evidence for dating Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary sediments in the Bureya Basin, Russian Far East. Russ. J. Pacific Geol., 3: 284–293.
Markevich V.S. & Bugdaeva E. 2014. Late Jurassic–Early Cretaceous coal-forming plants of the Bureya Basin, Russian Far East. Stratigr. Geol. Correl., 22: 239–255.
Meng J., Hu Y., Wang Y., Wang X. & Li C. 2006. A Mesozoic gliding mammal from north-eastern China. Nature, 444: 889–893.
Na Y., Sun C., Li T. & Li Y. 2014. The insect oviposition firstly discovered on the Middle Jurassic Ginkgoales leaf from Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geol. Sinica (English Edition), 88: 18–28.
Nathorst A.G. 1897. Zur mesozoischen Flora Spitzbergens gegründet auf die Sammlungen der schwedischen Expeditionen. Kungl. Sv. Vetenskapsakad. Handl., 30: 1–77.
Ôishi S. 1940. The Mesozoic floras of Japan. J. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Imp. Univ., Sect. IV, 5: 123–480.
Pan K. 1977. A Jurassic conifer, Yanliaoa sinensis gen. et sp. nov. from the Yanliao region. Acta Phytotaxon. Sinica, 15: 69–71.
Pomel A. 1847. Matériaux pour server à la flore fossile des terrains jurassiques de la France. Amtl. Ber. Versamml. Gesellsch. dt. Naturf. Aachen: 1–24.
Pott C. 2014. A revision of Wielandiella angustifolia – a shrub-sized bennettite from the Rhaetian–Hettangian of Scania, Sweden, and Jameson Land, Greenland. Internat. J. Plant Sci., 175: 467–499.
Pott C. 2016. Westersheimia pramelreuthensis from the Carnian (Upper Triassic) of Lunz, Austria: More evidence for a unitegmic seed coat in early Bennettitales. Internat. J. Plant Sci., 177: 771–791.
Pott C. & McLoughlin S. 2009. Bennettitalean foliage from the Rhaetian–Bajocian (latest Triassic–Middle Jurassic) floras of Scania, southern Sweden. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 158: 117–166.
Pott C. & McLoughlin S. 2014. Divaricate growth habit in Williamsoniaceae: Unravelling the ecology of a key Mesozoic plant group. Palaeobiodiv. Palaeoenviron., 94: 307–325.
Pott C., Krings M. & Kerp H. 2007. A surface micro-relief on the leaves of Glossophyllum florinii (?Ginkgoales) from the Upper Triassic of Lunz, Austria. Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 153: 87–95.
Pott C., Krings M. & Kerp H. 2008. The Carnian (Late Triassic) flora from Lunz in Lower Austria: Palaeoecological considerations. Palaeoworld, 17: 172–182.
Pott C., Van der Burgh J. & Van Konijnenburg-van Cittert J.H.A. 2016. New ginkgophytes from the Upper Triassic–Lower Cretaceous of Spitsbergen and Edgeøya (Svalbard, Arctic Norway): The history of Ginkgoales on Svalbard. Internat. J. Plant Sci., 177: 175–197.
Pott C., Wang X. & Zheng X. 2015. Wielandiella villosa comb. nov. from the Middle Jurassic of Daohugou, China: More evidence for divaricate plant architecture in Williamsoniaceae. Bot. Pacifica, 4: 137–148.
Pott C., McLoughlin S., Wu S. & Friis E.M. 2012. Trichomes on the leaves of Anomozamites villosus sp. nov. (Bennettitales) from the Daohugou beds (Middle Jurassic), Inner Mongolia, China: Mechanical defense against herbivorous arthropods? Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 169: 48–60.
Pott C., Bouchal J.M., Choo T.Y.S., Yousif R. & Bomfleur B. in press. Ferns and fern allies from the Carnian (Upper Triassic) flora of Lunz am See, Lower Austria: a melting pot of Mesozoic fern vegetation. Palaeontographica, B.
Prynada V.D. 1931. Contribution towards the knowledge of the Mesozoic flora of Central Asia. Trans. Geol. Prosp. Serv. USSR, 122: 19–56.
Ren D., Gao K., Guo Z., Ji S., Tan J. & Song Z. 2002. Stratigraphic division of the Jurassic in the Daohugou area, Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia. Geol. Bull. China, 21: 584–591.
Samylina V.A. 1956. New cycadophytes in Mesozoic deposits of the Aldan River. Bot. Zh., 41: 1334–1339.
Samylina V.A. 1963. Mesozoic flora from the lower reaches of the Aldan River. Palaeobotanika, 4: 57–139.
Savostin L.A., Verzhbitskaya A.I. & Baranov B.V. 1982. Holocene plate tectonics of the Sea of Okhotsk region, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. USSR, Earth Sci. Ser., Engl. Transl., 266: 62–65.
Savostin L.A., Zonenshain L. & Baranov B.V. 1983. Geology and plate tectonics of the Sea of Okhotsk, geodynamics of the western Pacific-Indonesian Region, Geodyn. Ser., 11: 189–221.
Schweitzer H.-J., Schweitzer U., Kirchner M., Van Konijnenburg-van Cittert J.H.A., Van der Burgh J. & Ashraf R.A. 2009. The Rhaeto–Jurassic flora of Iran and Afghanistan. 14. Pteridophyta–Leptosporangiatae. Palaeontographica, B, 279: 1–108.
Shen Y., Chen P. & Huang D. 2003. Age of the fossil conchostracans from Daohugou of Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia. J. Stratigr., 27: 311–314.
Sullivan C., Wang Y., Hone D.E., Wang Y., Xua X. & Zhan F. 2014. The vertebrates of the Jurassic Daohugou Biota of north-eastern China. J. Vertebr. Palaeontol., 34: 243–280.
Sun G., Zheng S., Dilcher D.L., Wang Y. & Mei S. 2001. Early Angiosperms and Their Associated Plants fromWestern Liaoning, China. Shanghai Scientific and Technological Education Publishing House, Shanghai.
Sze H. 1933. Beiträge zur mesozoischen Flora von China. Palaeontol. Sinica, Ser. A, 4: 1–92.
Sze H., Li X., Li P., Zhou Z., Ye M., Wu S. & Shen G. 1963. Mesozoic plants from China. Science Press, Beijing.
Tan J. & Ren D. 2002. Palaeoecology of insect community from Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation in Nincheng County, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 27: 428–434.
Takahashi E. 1957. Fossil flora of the Toyora and the Toyonishi Groups, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Yamaguchi J. Sci., 8: 55–60.
Teslenko Y.V. 1970. Stratigraphy and floras of Jurassic deposits of western and southern Siberia and Tuva. Nedra, Moscow.
Turutanova-Ketova A.I. 1930a. The Jurassic flora of the Karatau. Trav. Mus. Géol. Acad. Sci. URSS, 6: 131–172.
Turutanova-Ketova A.I. 1930b. Materials to the knowledge of the Jurassic flora of the Lake Issyk-Kul Basin in Kirgizstan. Trav. Mus. Géol. Acad. Sci. URSS, 8: 311–356.
Vachrameev V.A. 1964. Jurassic and Early Cretaceous Floras of Eurasia and Contemporary Palaeofloristic Provinces. Nauka, Moscow.
Vachrameev V.A. 1991. Jurassic and Cretaceous Floras and Climates of the Earth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Vachrameev V.A. & Doludenko M.P. 1961. The Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous flora from the Bureya Basin and their stratigraphic significances. Trud. Geol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 54: 1–136.
Van Konijnenburg-van Cittert J.H.A., Pott C., Cleal C.J. & Zijlstra G. 2017. Differentiation of the fossil leaves assigned to Taenio­pteris, Nilssoniopteris and Nilssonia with a comparison to similar genera. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 237: 100–106.
Wang X. & Wang S. 2010. Xingxueanthus: An enigmatic Jurassic seed plant and its implications for the origin of angiospermy. Acta Geol. Sinica (English Edition), 84: 47–55.
Wang X., Krings M. & Taylor T.N. 2010a. A thalloid organism with possible lichen affinity from the Jurassic of north-eastern China. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 162: 591–598.
Wang X., Zheng S. & Jin J. 2010b. Structure and relationships of Problematospermum, an enigmatic seed from the Jurassic of China. Internat. J. Plant Sci., 171: 447–456.
Wang X., Duan S., Geng B., Cui J. & Yang Y. 2007. Schmeissneria: A missing link to angiosperms? BMC Evol. Biol., 7: 14.
Wang X., Wang Y., Zhang F., Zhang J., Zhou Z., Jin F., Hu Y., Gu G. & Zhang H. 2000. Vertebrate biostratigraphy of the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation in Lingyuan, western Liaoning, and its neighbouring southern Nei Mongol (Inner Mongolia), China. Vertebr. Palasiatica, 38: 95–101.
Wang X., Zhou Z., He H., Jin F., Wang Y., Zhang J., Wang Y., Xu X. & Zhang F. 2005. Stratigraphy and age of the Daohugou Bed in Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia. Chin. Sci. Bull., 50: 2369–2376.
Wang Y. 2000. A new Salamander (Amphibia: Caudata) from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota. Vertebr. Palasiatica, 38: 100–103.
Wang Y., Ken S., Zhang W. & Zheng S. 2006. Biodiversity and palaeoclimate of the Middle Jurassic floras from the Tiaojishan Formation in western Liaoning, China. Progr. Nat. Sci., 16: 222–230.
Wang Z. 1984. Flora: 223–296. In: Tianjin Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources (d.), Palaeontological Atlas of North China. II. Mesozoic Volume. Geological Publishing House, Beijing.
Watson J. & Sincock C.A. 1992. Bennettitales of the English Wealden. Monogr. Palaeontogr. Soc. Lond., 588: 1–228.
Wei D. & Seno T. 1998. Determination of the Amurian Plate motion: 337–346. In: Flower M.J.F., Chung S., Lo C., Lee T. (eds.), Mantle Dynamics and Plate Interactions in East Asia. Geodyn. Ser. 27, AGU, Washington, DC.
Wei H., Sun C., Wang H., Na Y., Li Y. & Li T. 2015. New Phoenicopsis leaves (Czekanowskiales) from the Middle Jurassic Daohugou Biota, China, and their roles in phytogeographic and paleoclimatic reconstruction. Palaeoworld, 25: 388–398.
Wu S. 1999. A preliminary study of the Jehol flora from western Liaoning. Palaeoworld, 11: 7–37.
Wu S. 2003. Land plants: 166–177. In: Chang M., Chen P., Wang Y., Wang Y., Miao D. (eds.), The Jehol Biota: The Emergence of Feathered Dinosaurs, Beaked Birds and Flowering Plants. Scientific and Technical Publishers, Shanghai.
Wu S., Ye M. & Li B. 1980. Upper Triassic and Lower and Middle Jurassic plants from the Hsiangchi Group, western Hubei. Mem. Nanjing Inst. Geol. Palaeontol., Acad. Sinica, 14: 63–131.
XU X., ZHOU Z., SULLIVAN C., WANG Y. & REN D. 2016. An updated review of the Middle–Late Jurassic Yanliao Biota: Chronology, taphonomy, paleontology and paleoecology. Acta Geol. Sinica, 90: 2229–2243.
Xu X., Zhou Z., Dudley R., Mackem S., Chuong C.M., Erickson G.M. & Varricchio D.J. 2014. An integrative approach to understanding bird origins. Science, 346: 1341–1351.
Xu X., Zheng X., Sullivan C., Wang X., Xing L., Wang Y., Zhang X., O’Connor J.K., Zhang F. & Pan Y. 2015. A bizarre Jurassic maniraptoran theropod with preserved evidence of membranous wings. Nature, 521: 70–73.
Yabe H. 1908. Jurassic plants form T’ao-chia-T’un, China. Bull. Imp. Geol. Sur. Japan, 21: 1–8.
Yabe H. & Ôishi S. 1928. Jurassic plants from the Fang-tzu coal-field, Shantung. Japan. J. Geol. Geogr., 6: 1–14.
Yabe A., Terada K. & Sekido S. 2003. The Tetori-type flora, revisited: A review. Mem. Fukui Pref. Dinosaur Mus., 2: 23–42.
Yamada T. & Uemura K. 2008. The plant fossils from the Kaizara Formation (Callovian, Jurassic) of the Tetori Group in the Izumi district, Fukui Prefecture, Central Japan. Palaeontol. Res., 12: 1–17.
Yang W. & Li S. 2008. Geochronology and geochemistry of the Mesozoic volcanic rocks in Western Liaoning: Implications for lithospheric thinning of the North China Craton. Lithos, 102: 88–117.
Yokoyama M. 1889. Jurassic plants from Kaga, Hida and Echizen. J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Japan, 3: 1–66.
Zhang J., D’Rozario A., Yao J., WU Z. & Wang L. 2011. A new species of the extinct genus Schizolepis from the Jurassic Daohugou Flora, Inner Mongolia, China with special reference to the fossil diversity and evolutionary implications. Acta Geol. Sinica, 85: 471–481.
Zhang H., Wang M. & Liu X. 2008. Constraints on the upper boundary age of the Tiaojishan Formation volcanic rocks in West Liaoning–North Hebei by LA-ICP-MS dating. Chin. Sci. Bull., 53: 3574–3584.
Zhang W. & Zheng S. 1987. Early Mesozoic fossil plants in western Liaoning, northeast China: 239–338. In: Yu X., Wang W., Liu X., Zhang W., Zheng S., Zhang Z., Yu J., Ma F., Dong G., Yao, P. (eds.), Mesozoic Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of Western Liaoning. Geological Publishing House, Beijing.
Zhang Z. 1976. Fossil plant kingdom: 179–211. In: Nei Mongol Autonomous Region Bureau of Geology (ed.), Paleontological Atlas of North China, Inner Mongolia. Volume II. Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Geological Publishing House, Beijing.
Zhao M., Sun C., Dilcher D.L., Zhao Z. & Na Y. 2015. Anomozamites (Bennettitales) from Middle Jurassic Haifanggou Formation, western Liaoning, China. Global Geol., 18: 75–87.
Zheng S. & Wang X. 2010. An undercover angiosperm from the Jurassic of China. Acta Geol. Sinica, 84: 895–902.
Zheng S., Zhang L. & Gong E. 2003. A discovery of Anomozamites with reproductive organs. Acta Bot. Sinica, 45: 667–672.
Zheng X., You H., Xu X. & Dong Z. 2009. An early Cretaceous heterodontosaurid dinosaur with filamentous integumentary structures. Nature, 458: 333–336.
Zhou Z. 1995. Jurassic floras: 343–410. In: Li X. (ed.), Fossil Floras of China Through the Geological Ages. Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Gunagzhou.
ZHOU Z. & WANG Y. 2017. Vertebrate assemblages of the Jurassic Yanliao Biota and the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota: Comparisons and implications. Palaeoworld, DOI: 10.1016/j.palwor.2017.01.002.
Zhou Z., Barrett P.M. & Hilton J. 2003. An exceptionally preserved Lower Cretaceous ecosystem. Nature, 421: 807–814.
Zhou Z., Zheng S. & Zhang L. 2007. Morphology and age of Yimaia (Ginkgoales) from Daohugou Village, Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia, China. Cretac. Res., 28: 348–362.
A shoot with attached leaves of Desmiophyllum harrisii Barbacka et Pacyna from the Rhaetian of Bavaria, Germany
Konijnenburg-van van, Christian Pott, Evelyn Kustatscher, der van, Stefan Schmeißner, Günter Dütsch
A new orthophlebiid scorpionfly (Insecta, Orthophlebiidae) from the Late Jurassic Linglongta biota of northern China
Xinneng Lian, Chenyang Cai, Diying Huang
Historical Biology
Plant mobility in the Mesozoic: Disseminule dispersal strategies of Chinese and Australian Middle Jurassic to Early Cretaceous plants
Stephen McLoughlin, Christian Pott
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Middle Jurassic Ginkgo leaves from the Daohugou area, Inner Mongolia, China and their implication for palaeo-CO2 reconstruction
Chun-Lin Sun, Xiao Tan, David Dilcher, Hongshan Wang, Yu-Ling Na, Tao Li, Yun-Feng Li
Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction and biostratinomic analysis of the Jurassic Yanliao Lagerstätte in northeastern China
Zixiao Yang, Shengyu Wang, Qingyi Tian, Bo Wang, Manja Hethke, Maria McNamara, Michael Benton, Xing Xu, Baoyu Jiang
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
New species of the genus Schizolepidopsis (conifers) from the Albian of the Russian high Arctic and geological history of the genus
Ksenia Domogatskaya, Alexei Herman
Cretaceous Research
How deep is the conflict between molecular and fossil evidence on the age of angiosperms?
Mario Coiro, James Doyle, Jason Hilton
New Phytologist
High-resolution taphonomic and palaeoecological analyses of the Jurassic Yanliao Biota of the Daohugou area, northeastern China
Shengyu Wang, Manja Hethke, Bo Wang, Qingyi Tian, Zixiao Yang, Baoyu Jiang
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Anatomical Study of Cretaceous, Permineralized, Bennettitalean Fossils from Heilongjiang Province, NE China
Fengxiang LIU, Xiaonan YANG, Yeming CHENG
Acta Geologica Sinica - English Edition
Nilssoniopteris longifolius Chang from the Middle–Late Jurassic of China: Implications for Bennettitales-insect interactions
Xin Wang, Qiaoling Ding, Artai Santos, Torsten Wappler
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology
Review of the Jurassic Weevils of the Genus Belonotaris Arnoldi (Coleoptera: Nemonychidae) with a Straight Rostrum
A. Legalov
Paleontological Journal
The problematic genus Problematospermum
Patrick Herendeen, Maya Bickner, Eugenia Bugdaeva, Serge Naugolnykh, Elena Kostina
Middle-Late Jurassic fossils from Northeast China confirm the affiliation of Umaltolepis seed-bearing structures and Pseudotorellia leaves
Chong Dong, Gongle Shi, Xiaoqing Zhang, Zixi Wang, Yongdong Wang
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology
Linglongtaestheria (Spinicaudata) from the Upper Jurassic of Qinglong, Hebei Province, northeastern China
Xiao Teng, Gang Li, Yan-Zhen Zhang
Polish Palaeobotany: 750 Million Years of Plant History as Revealed in a Century of Studies. Mesozoic Macroflora
Maria Barbacka, Grzegorz Pacyna, Halamski T., Edyta Gola
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae
Paleophytogeography of the Siberian Paleofloristic Region in the Early Jurassic and First Half of the Middle Jurassic
A. Kiritchkova, E. Kostina, N. Nosova
Doklady Biological Sciences
A New Plant Macrofossil Assemblage from the Rhaetian–Hettangian Fosheim Member of the Heiberg Formation on Ellesmere Island, Arctic Canada
Christian Pott, Simon Kelly, Benjamin Bomfleur, Simon Schneider
International Journal of Plant Sciences
A new genus of Praemordellinae from the Middle Jurassic of China
Yifei Sun, Xuheng Du, Jiajia Cao, Hong Pang, Tong Bao
The Anatomical Record
Mesozoic evolution of cicadas and their origins of vocalization and root feeding
Hui Jiang, Jacek Szwedo, Conrad C. Labandeira, Jun Chen, Maxwell S. Moulds, Bastian Mähler, A. Drew Muscente, De Zhuo, Thet Tin Nyunt, Haichun Zhang, Cong Wei, Jes Rust, Bo Wang
Nature Communications
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top